The forerunners of today’s Pomeranian breed were large working dogs from the Arctic regions. These dogs are commonly known as the Wolfspitz or Spitz type, which is German for “sharp point” which was the term originally used by Count Eberhard zu Sayn in the 16th century as a reference to the features of the dog’s nose and muzzle. The Pomeranian is considered to be descended from the German Spitz.
The breed has been made popular by a number of royal owners since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian and consequently, the smaller variety became universally popular. During Queen Victoria’s lifetime.
The breed is thought to have acquired its name by association with the area known as Pomeraniawhich is located in northern Poland and Germany along the Baltic Sea. Although not the origin of the breed, this area is credited with the breeding which led to the original Pomeranian type of dog. Proper documentation was lacking until the breed’s introduction into the United Kingdom.
Two members of the British Royal Family influenced the evolution of the breed. In 1767, Queen Charlotte, Queen-consort of King George III of England, brought two Pomeranians to England.
Queen Victoria, Queen Charlotte’s granddaughter, was also an enthusiast and established a large breeding kennel. One of her favoured dogs was a comparatively small red sable Pomeranian which she possibly named “Windsor’s Marco” and was reported to weigh only 12 lb (5.4 kg). When she first exhibited Marco in 1891, it caused the smaller-type Pomeranian to become immediately popular and breeders began selecting only the smaller specimens for breeding.
Royal owners during this period also included Joséphine de Beauharnais, the wife of Napoleon I of France, and King George IV of England.
The first breed club was set up in England in 1891, and the first breed standard was written shortly afterwards. The first member of the breed was registered in America to the American Kennel Club in 1898, and it was recognized in 1900. In 1912, two Pomeranians were among only three dogs to survive the sinking of RMS Titanic.
Glen Rose Flashaway won the Toy Group at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1926, the first Pomeranian to win a group at Westminster. It would take until 1988 for the first Pomeranian, “Great Elms Prince Charming II”, to win the Best in Show prize from the Westminster Kennel Club.
In the standard published in 1998, the Pomeranian is included in the German Spitz standard, along with the Keeshond, by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. According to the standard “Spitz breeds are captivating” and have a “unique characteristic, cheeky appearance.”
The Pomeranian (often known as a Pom) is a breed of dog of the Spitz type that is named for the Pomerania region north-east Germany in Central Europe. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz. It has been determined by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale to be part of the German Spitz breed; and in many countries, they are known as the Zwergspitz (“Dwarf-Spitz”).
Pomeranians are sweet and gentle dogs, that love to be the absolute centre of attention. Alert and inquisitive, making good little watch dogs. This small breed are full of character and personality, and will keep you amused for hours on end. Though lively at times, the Pom is a dog who enjoys to crawl up on the couch with you of an evening and just be near to you - making an excellent companion that will never be too far from your side.
Pomeranians are fairly easy in the grooming department, considering they don't need to be trimmed around the face or taken off to the groomer for a regular clip. A slicker brush is essential for Pomeranian owners, and brushing Poms from a young age to ensure they become accustomed to the sensation of a comb running through their coat. A monthly bath will be suited best (bathing more frequently than this can alter natural pH levels, and cause skin irritations), whilst using a clarifying shampoo to maintain a clean, fresh scent. Pomeranians will require a good brush once - twice a week to avoid matting.
Pomeranians are very smart and intelligent little dogs, and it is important to not allow them to out smart you from the beginning. Teach your Pomeranian their place within the family and the home from day one, and don't allow them to become the pack leader of your household. With this in mind, Poms make an excellent student. Consistency is key, and your Pom will learn quickly.